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Article Dans Une Revue IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing Année : 2024

A New Statistic for Testing Covariance Equality in High-Dimensional Gaussian Low-Rank Models

Résumé

In this paper, we consider the problem of testing equality of the covariance matrices of L complex Gaussian multivariate time series of dimension M . We study the special case where each of the L covariance matrices is modeled as a rank K perturbation of the identity matrix, corresponding to a signal plus noise model. A new test statistic based on the estimates of the eigenvalues of the different covariance matrices is proposed. In particular, we show that this statistic is consistent and with controlled type I error in the high-dimensional asymptotic regime where the sample sizes N1 , . . . , NL of each time series and the dimension M both converge to infinity at the same rate, while K and L are kept fixed. We also provide some simulations on synthetic and real data (SAR images) which demonstrate significant improvements over some classical methods such as the GLRT, or other alternative methods relevant for the high-dimensional regime and the low-rank model.
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Dates et versions

hal-04541895 , version 1 (11-04-2024)

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Citer

Rémi Beisson, Pascal Vallet, Audrey Giremus, Guillaume Ginolhac. A New Statistic for Testing Covariance Equality in High-Dimensional Gaussian Low-Rank Models. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 2024, 72, pp.1797-1812. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2024.3382476⟩. ⟨hal-04541895⟩
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