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Article Dans Une Revue Sensors Année : 2023

Dynamic Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Transport through the Skin Using a Capnometry Wristband

Résumé

The development of a capnometry wristband is of great interest for monitoring patients at home. We consider a new architecture in which a non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) optical measurement is located close to the skin surface and is combined with an open chamber principle with a continuous circulation of air flow in the collection cell. We propose a model for the temporal dynamics of the carbon dioxide exchange between the blood and the gas channel inside the device. The transport of carbon dioxide is modeled by convection–diffusion equations. We consider four compartments: blood, skin, the measurement cell and the collection cell. We introduce the state-space equations and the associated transition matrix associated with a Markovian model. We define an augmented system by combining a first-order autoregressive model describing the supply of carbon dioxide concentration in the blood compartment and its inertial resistance to change. We propose to use a Kalman filter to estimate the carbon dioxide concentration in the blood vessels recursively over time and thus monitor arterial carbon dioxide blood pressure in real time. Four performance factors with respect to the dynamic quantification of the CO2 blood concentration are considered, and a simulation is carried out based on data from a previous clinical study. These demonstrate the feasibility of such a technological concept.
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hal-04148541 , version 1 (16-02-2024)

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Pierre Grangeat, Maria-Paula Duval Duval Comsa, Anne Koenig, Ronald Phlypo. Dynamic Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Transport through the Skin Using a Capnometry Wristband. Sensors, 2023, Application of Wearable and Nearable Gas Sensors for Health and Human Environment Monitoring, 23 (13), pp.6096. ⟨10.3390/s23136096⟩. ⟨hal-04148541⟩
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