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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2019

European Union and Tax Havens


Due to economic globalization, tax havens allow owners to place their capital, even virtually, in financial centers that are particularly undemanding in terms of taxation and control over the origin of the funds thus placed. A distinction must be made between tax havens "stricto sensu", regulatory havens, judicial havens and offshore financial centers (OFC). The United Kingdom has the greatest weight in the world, ahead of Switzerland, Luxembourg, Hong Kong, the Cayman Islands, Singapore and the United States. There is even a certain specialization of "tax havens". Until 2010, the United Kingdom or Switzerland were highly recommended by banks, but today investments in Europe are increasingly risky for Europeans themselves. At the initiative of France, a tax of 3% of the turnover (and not the profits) generated by the exploitation of digital activities has been proposed on these companies. However, tax havens" are still very present in the world of financial markets. Most multinational companies use tax havens to optimize their profits. Democracy is clearly in danger.
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hal-03639241 , version 1 (12-04-2022)


  • HAL Id : hal-03639241 , version 1


Jacques Fontanel. European Union and Tax Havens. Economic globalization, St. Petersburg State University of Economics and Finance, Sep 2019, Saint Petersbourg, Russia. ⟨hal-03639241⟩


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