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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology Année : 2022

A New Technique to Increase Self-Esteem by Reading and Mental Visualization: The Lexical Association Technique

Résumé

Introduction: Self-esteem is central to human well-being, quality of life, and mental health. Therefore, it is important to propose preventive and therapeutic techniques to deal with decline in self-esteem. Different interventions have been proposed and their efficacies have been validated. However, they present certain constraints such as a cognitive and/or emotional cost, which limit some clinical applications. Method: Based on contributions from cognitive, social, and clinical psychology, we propose to test the efficacy of a new technique for self-esteem enhancement using brief lexical associations and mental visualization (six sessions of five minutes) for a stimulation of episodic and semantic self-perceptions. Results: Comparing the Lexical Association Technique to a control technique and using a double-blind pre-post design, two studies show the efficacy of this new technique on global self-esteem in two samples of students (n Study1 = 36; n Study2 = 89), as well as a sustained effect up to 5 days after the technique is stopped. Discussion: The mechanisms underlying the efficacy of this technique are discussed. Further studies are needed to precise the clinical applicability of the Lexical Association Technique on patients.

Domaines

Psychologie
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Dates et versions

hal-03592106 , version 1 (01-03-2022)

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Citer

Noémie Niveau, Marine Beaudoin, Boris New. A New Technique to Increase Self-Esteem by Reading and Mental Visualization: The Lexical Association Technique. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2022, 41 (1), pp.79-104. ⟨10.1521/jscp.2021.40.6.79⟩. ⟨hal-03592106⟩
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