Strategies and cognitive reserve to preserve lexical production in aging - Université Grenoble Alpes Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue GeroScience Année : 2021

Strategies and cognitive reserve to preserve lexical production in aging

Résumé

Abstract In the absence of any neuropsychiatric condition, older adults may show declining performance in several cognitive processes and among them, in retrieving and producing words, reflected in slower responses and even reduced accuracy compared to younger adults. To overcome this difficulty, healthy older adults implement compensatory strategies, which are the focus of this paper. We provide a review of mainstream findings on deficient mechanisms and possible neurocognitive strategies used by older adults to overcome the deleterious effects of age on lexical production. Moreover, we present findings on genetic and lifestyle factors that might either be protective or risk factors of cognitive impairment in advanced age. We propose that “aging-modulating factors” (AMF) can be modified, offering prevention opportunities against aging effects. Based on our review and this proposition, we introduce an integrative neurocognitive model of mechanisms and compensatory strategies for lexical production in older adults (entitled Lexical Access and Retrieval in Aging, LARA). The main hypothesis defended in LARA is that cognitive aging evolves heterogeneously and involves complementary domain-general and domain-specific mechanisms, with substantial inter-individual variability, reflected at behavioral, cognitive, and brain levels. Furthermore, we argue that the ability to compensate for the effect of cognitive aging depends on the amount of reserve specific to each individual which is, in turn, modulated by the AMF. Our conclusion is that a variety of mechanisms and compensatory strategies coexist in the same individual to oppose the effect of age. The role of reserve is pivotal for a successful coping with age-related changes and future research should continue to explore the modulating role of AMF.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Baciu2021_StrategiesAndCognitiveReserveTo preserve lexical production in aging.pdf (1.4 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-03253711 , version 1 (25-10-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Monica Baciu, Sonja Banjac, Elise Roger, Célise Haldin, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, et al.. Strategies and cognitive reserve to preserve lexical production in aging. GeroScience, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s11357-021-00367-5⟩. ⟨hal-03253711⟩
50 Consultations
51 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More