The effect of Dean, Reynolds and Womersley numbers on the flow in a spherical cavity on a curved round pipe. Part 1. Fluid mechanics in the cavity as a canonical flow representing intracranial aneurysms - Université Grenoble Alpes Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Fluid Mechanics Année : 2021

The effect of Dean, Reynolds and Womersley numbers on the flow in a spherical cavity on a curved round pipe. Part 1. Fluid mechanics in the cavity as a canonical flow representing intracranial aneurysms

Résumé

Flow in sidewall cerebral aneurysms can be ideally modelled as the combination of flow over a spherical cavity and flow in a curved circular pipe, two canonical flows. Flow in a curved pipe is known to depend on the Dean number De, combining the effects of Reynolds number Re and of the curvature along the pipe centreline, κ. Pulsatility in the flow introduces a dependence on the Womersley number Wo. Using stereo particle image velocimetry measurements, this study investigated the effect of these three key non-dimensional parameters, by modifying pipe curvature (De), flow rate (Re) and pulsatility frequency (Wo), on the flow patterns in a spherical cavity. A single counter-rotating vortex was observed in the cavity for all values of pipe curvature κ and Reynolds number Re, for both steady and pulsatile inflow conditions. Increasing the pipe curvature impacted the flow patterns in both the pipe and the cavity, by shifting the velocity profile towards the cavity opening and increasing the flow rate in to the cavity. The circulation in the cavity was found to collapse well with only the Dean number, for both steady and pulsatile inflows. For pulsatile inflow, the counter-rotating vortex was unstable and the location of its centre over time was impacted by the curvature of the pipe, as well as Re and Wo in the free stream. The circulation in the cavity was higher for steady
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Dates et versions

hal-03189493 , version 1 (09-04-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Fanette Chassagne, Michael C Barbour, Venkat K Chivukula, Nathanaël Machicoane, Louis J Kim, et al.. The effect of Dean, Reynolds and Womersley numbers on the flow in a spherical cavity on a curved round pipe. Part 1. Fluid mechanics in the cavity as a canonical flow representing intracranial aneurysms. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2021, 915, pp.A123. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2020.1114⟩. ⟨hal-03189493⟩

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