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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Power Sources Année : 2017

Real time monitoring of water distribution in an operando fuel cell during transient states

Résumé

The water distribution of an operating proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) was monitored in real time by using Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS). The formation of liquid water was obtained simultaneously with the evolution of the water content inside the membrane. Measurements were performed when changing current with a time resolution of 10 s, providing insights on the kinetics of water management prior to the stationary phase. We confirmed that water distribution is strongly heterogeneous at the scale at of the whole Membrane Electrode Assembly. As already reported, at the local scale there is no straightforward link between the amounts of water present inside and outside the membrane. However, we show that the temporal evolutions of these two parameters are strongly correlated. In particular, the local membrane water content is nearly instantaneously correlated to the total liquid water content, whether it is located at the anode or cathode side. These results can help in optimizing 3D stationary diphasic models used to predict PEMFC water distribution.
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Dates et versions

hal-03164192 , version 1 (09-03-2021)

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N. Martinez, Z. Peng, A. Morin, L. Porcar, G. Gebel, et al.. Real time monitoring of water distribution in an operando fuel cell during transient states. Journal of Power Sources, 2017, 365, pp.230-234. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.08.067⟩. ⟨hal-03164192⟩
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