Cortical Thickness and Natural Scene Recognition in the Child’s Brain - Université Grenoble Alpes Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Brain Sciences Année : 2020

Cortical Thickness and Natural Scene Recognition in the Child’s Brain


Visual scenes are processed in terms of spatial frequencies. Low spatial frequencies (LSF) carry coarse information, whereas high spatial frequencies (HSF) subsequently carry information about fine details. The present magnetic resonance imaging study investigated how cortical thickness covaried with LSF/HSF processing abilities in ten-year-old children and adults. Participants indicated whether natural scenes that were filtered in either LSF or HSF represented outdoor or indoor scenes, while reaction times (RTs) and accuracy measures were recorded. In adults, faster RTs for LSF and HSF images were consistently associated with a thicker cortex (parahippocampal cortex, middle frontal gyrus, and precentral and insula regions for LSF; parahippocampal cortex and fronto-marginal and supramarginal gyri for HSF). On the other hand, in children, faster RTs for HSF were associated with a thicker cortex (posterior cingulate, supramarginal and calcarine cortical regions), whereas faster RTs for LSF were associated with a thinner cortex (subcallosal and insula regions). Increased cortical thickness in adults and children could correspond to an expansion mechanism linked to visual scene processing efficiency. In contrast, lower cortical thickness associated with LSF efficiency in children could correspond to a pruning mechanism reflecting an ongoing maturational process, in agreement with the view that LSF efficiency continues to be refined during childhood. This differing pattern between children and adults appeared to be particularly significant in anterior regions of the brain, in line with the proposed existence of a postero-anterior gradient of brain development. Taken together, our results highlight the dynamic brain processes that allow children and adults to perceive a visual natural scene in a coherent way.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
brainsci-10-00329.pdf (1.12 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte

Dates et versions

hal-02975355 , version 1 (22-10-2020)




François Orliac, Grégoire Borst, Grégory Simon, Katell Mevel, Julie Vidal, et al.. Cortical Thickness and Natural Scene Recognition in the Child’s Brain. Brain Sciences, 2020, 10 (6), pp.329. ⟨10.3390/brainsci10060329⟩. ⟨hal-02975355⟩
72 Consultations
80 Téléchargements



Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More