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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Materials Chemistry A Année : 2020

High performance direct borohydride fuel cell using bipolar interfaces and noble metal-free Ni-based anodes

Résumé

Due to its unmatched theoretical voltage of 2.18 V, direct alkaline fuel cell using sodium borohydride solution at the anode and hydrogen peroxide at the cathode, represents a promising power source for high energy density applications. However, its development faces several challenges. Here we demonstrate a BH4-/H2O2 direct borohydride fuel cell (DBFC) with a platinum group metal (PGM)-free anode, which delivers unprecedented combination of 2.0 V open-circuit voltage and peak power density of 446 mW cm-2. This exceptionally high cell voltage is enabled by combining a pH-gradient-enabled microscale bipolar interface (PMBI), a Ni anode obtained by electrodeposition of Ni nanoparticles on an electrochemically-etched Ni felt (eNFT), and a specially-designed simple but efficient coating procedure to deposit anion-exchange ionomer on the anode surface. The PMBI efficiently separates the drastically-disparate pH of the anolyte and the catholyte, the NiED/eNFT anode provides high surface area for efficient electrocatalysis and open porosity for fast mass-transport, while the coating procedure allows preserving Ni in metallic state, the latter being prerequisite for high anode performance. This work details how such fully nickel-based anodes are obtained and demonstrates why their BOR activity and stability outperforms that of PGM-based anodes.
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Dates et versions

hal-02953350 , version 1 (30-09-2020)

Identifiants

Citer

Guillaume Braesch, Zhongyang Wang, Shrihari Sankarasubramanian, Alexandr Oshchepkov, Antoine Bonnefont, et al.. High performance direct borohydride fuel cell using bipolar interfaces and noble metal-free Ni-based anodes. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2020, 8, pp.20543 - 20552. ⟨10.1039/D0TA06405J⟩. ⟨hal-02953350⟩
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