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Article Dans Une Revue Nanotechnology Année : 2015

Light absorption processes and optimization of ZnO/CdTe core–shell nanowire arrays for nanostructured solar cells

Résumé

The absorption processes of extremely thin absorber solar cells based on ZnO/CdTe core–shell nanowire (NW) arrays with square, hexagonal or triangular arrangements are investigated through systematic computations of the ideal short-circuit current density using three-dimensional rigorous coupled wave analysis. The geometrical dimensions are optimized for optically designing these solar cells: the optimal NW diameter, height and array period are of 200 ± 10 nm, 1–3 μm and 350–400 nm for the square arrangement with CdTe shell thickness of 40–60 nm. The effects of the CdTe shell thickness on the absorption of ZnO/CdTe NW arrays are revealed through the study of two optical key modes: the first one is confining the light into individual NWs, the second one is strongly interacting with the NW arrangement. It is also shown that the reflectivity of the substrate can improve Fabry–Perot resonances within the NWs: the ideal short-circuit current density is increased by 10% for the ZnO/fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)/ideal reflector as compared to the ZnO/FTO/glass substrate. Furthermore, the optimized square arrangement absorbs light more efficiently than both optimized hexagonal and triangular arrangements. Eventually, the enhancement factor of the ideal short-circuit current density is calculated as high as 1.72 with respect to planar layers, showing the high optical potentiality of ZnO/CdTe core–shell NW arrays.
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Dates et versions

hal-01961487 , version 1 (20-12-2018)

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Jérôme Michallon, Davide Bucci, Alain Morand, Mauro Zanuccoli, Vincent Consonni, et al.. Light absorption processes and optimization of ZnO/CdTe core–shell nanowire arrays for nanostructured solar cells. Nanotechnology, 2015, 26 (7), pp.075401. ⟨10.1088/0957-4484/26/7/075401⟩. ⟨hal-01961487⟩
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