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Article Dans Une Revue Nutrients Année : 2022

Lower Muscle and Blood Lactate Accumulation in Sickle Cell Trait Carriers in Response to Short High-Intensity Exercise

Laurent Messonnier
Samuel Oyono-Enguéllé
  • Fonction : Auteur
Lucile Vincent
  • Fonction : Auteur
Benjamin Chatel
Hervé Sanchez
  • Fonction : Auteur
Alexandra Malgoyre
  • Fonction : Auteur
Cyril Martin
Frédéric Galactéros
  • Fonction : Auteur
Pablo Bartolucci
Patrice Thiriet
  • Fonction : Auteur
Léonard Féasson

Résumé

It remains unclear whether sickle cell trait (SCT) should be considered a risk factor during intense physical activity. By triggering the polymerization-sickling-vaso-occlusion cascade, lactate accumulation-associated acidosis in response to high-intensity exercise is believed to be one of the causes of complications. However, our understanding of lactate metabolism in response to high-intensity exercise in SCT carriers is incomplete. Thirty male SCT carriers (n = 15) and healthy subjects (n = 15) with and without α-thalassemia performed a 2-min high-intensity exercise. Blood and muscle lactate concentrations were measured at exercise completion. Time courses of blood lactate and glucose concentrations were followed during the subsequent recovery. Additional biochemical analyses were performed on biopsies of the vastus lateralis muscle. SCT was associated with lower blood and muscle lactate concentrations in response to the short high-intensity exercise. Compared to controls, the muscle content among SCT carriers of lactate transporter MCT4 and β2-adrenergic receptor were higher and lower, respectively. During recovery, the lactate removal ability was higher in SCT carriers. In the present study, no effect of α-thalassemia was observed. The lower blood and muscle lactate accumulations in SCT carriers may, to some extent, act as protective mechanisms: (i) against exercise-related acidosis and subsequent sickling, that may explain the relatively rare complications observed in exercising SCT carriers; and (ii) against the deleterious effects of intracellular lactate and associated acidosis on muscle function, that might explain the elevated presence of SCT carriers among the best sprinters.

Dates et versions

hal-04555819 , version 1 (23-04-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Laurent Messonnier, Samuel Oyono-Enguéllé, Lucile Vincent, Hervé Dubouchaud, Benjamin Chatel, et al.. Lower Muscle and Blood Lactate Accumulation in Sickle Cell Trait Carriers in Response to Short High-Intensity Exercise. Nutrients, 2022, 14 (3), pp.501. ⟨10.3390/nu14030501⟩. ⟨hal-04555819⟩

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