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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Sleep Research Année : 2022

Impact of sleep and physical activity habits on real‐life glycaemic variability in patients with type 2 diabetes

Pierre Gauthier
  • Fonction : Auteur
Chesner Desir
  • Fonction : Auteur
Maud Plombas
  • Fonction : Auteur
Eloïse Joffray
  • Fonction : Auteur
Anne‐laure Borel

Résumé

Summary The aim of this study was to better characterise whether sleep habits, eating schedule and physical activity in real‐life are associated with glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. A total of 28 patients (aged 60 years [58; 66], 54% female) with type 2 diabetes treated with basal‐bolus insulin therapy administered by insulin pumps were analysed. Glycaemic data measured by Flash Glucose Monitor System, physical activity and sleep data measured by accelerometer, and meal schedules were simultaneously collated with insulin pump administration data, for 7 days in real‐life. Their respective impact on the time spent in target, in hypoglycaemia, in hyperglycaemia and on glycaemic variability was evaluated. Multiple regressions showed that the total daily dose of meal boluses of insulin was inversely associated with the coefficient of variation (CV; coefficient β = −0.073; 95% confidence interval: −0.130, −0.015; p = 0.016), as well as sleep duration. The higher the sleep duration, the lower the glycaemic variability (coefficient β = −0.012; 95% confidence interval: −0.023, −0.002; p = 0.027). The mean 7 days physical activity of the subjects was very low and was not associated with glycaemic control on the 7 days mean values. However, days with at least 1 hr spent in physical activity higher than 1.5 METs were associated with less glycaemic variability that same day. This real‐life observation highlights the importance of sufficient sleep duration and regular physical activity to lessen the glycaemic variability of patients with type 2 diabetes.
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Dates et versions

hal-04554440 , version 1 (22-04-2024)

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Citer

Pierre Gauthier, Chesner Desir, Maud Plombas, Eloïse Joffray, Pierre‐yves Benhamou, et al.. Impact of sleep and physical activity habits on real‐life glycaemic variability in patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Sleep Research, 2022, 32 (3), pp.e13799. ⟨10.1111/jsr.13799⟩. ⟨hal-04554440⟩

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