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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Medical Genetics Année : 2024

Phenotypic characterisation of SMAD4 variant carriers

Résumé

Background Both hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) and juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) are known to be caused by SMAD4 pathogenic variants, with overlapping symptoms for both disorders in some patients. Additional connective tissue disorders have also been reported. Here, we describe carriers of SMAD4 variants followed in an HHT reference centre to further delineate the phenotype. Methods Observational study based on data collected from the Clinical Investigation for the Rendu-Osler Cohort database. Results Thirty-three participants from 15 families, out of 1114 patients with HHT, had an SMAD4 variant (3%). Regarding HHT, 26 out of 33 participants (88%) had a definite clinical diagnosis based on Curaçao criteria. Complication frequencies were as follows: epistaxis (n=27/33, 82%), cutaneous telangiectases (n=19/33, 58%), pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (n=17/32, 53%), hepatic arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) (n=7/18, 39%), digestive angiodysplasia (n=13/22, 59%). No cerebral AVMs were diagnosed. Regarding juvenile polyposis, 25 out of 31 participants (81%) met the criteria defined by Jass et al for juvenile polyposis syndrome. Seven patients (21%) had a prophylactic gastrectomy due to an extensive gastric polyposis incompatible with endoscopic follow-up, and four patients (13%) developed a digestive cancer. Regarding connective tissue disorders, 20 (61%) had at least one symptom, and 4 (15%) participants who underwent echocardiography had an aortic dilation. Conclusion We describe a large cohort of SMAD4 variant carriers in the context of HHT. Digestive complications are frequent, early and diffuse, justifying endoscopy every 2 years. The HHT phenotype, associating pulmonary and hepatic AVMs, warrants systematic screening. Connective tissue disorders broaden the phenotype associated with SMAD4 gene variants and justify systematic cardiac ultrasound and skeletal complications screening.

Dates et versions

hal-04543259 , version 1 (12-04-2024)

Identifiants

Citer

Claire Caillot, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Valérie Hervieu, Marie Faoucher, Julie Reversat, et al.. Phenotypic characterisation of SMAD4 variant carriers. Journal of Medical Genetics, 2024, pp.jmg-2023-109632. ⟨10.1136/jmg-2023-109632⟩. ⟨hal-04543259⟩
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