Electrochemical performance and stability of PrO1.833 as an oxygen electrode for solid oxide electrolysis cells - Université Grenoble Alpes Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Solid State Ionics Année : 2023

Electrochemical performance and stability of PrO1.833 as an oxygen electrode for solid oxide electrolysis cells

Résumé

Significant efforts have recently been undertaken to develop highly efficient solid oxide cells for hightemperature steam electrolysis (SOEC). Implementing new materials and microstructures that would improve the performance and durability of this technology remains a major issue. For this purpose, a nano-structured PrO 1.833 material coated by the electrostatic spray deposition (ESD) technique was studied as a promising active oxygen electrode for SOEC application. The study was performed considering the PrO x as the functional layer and strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) as the current collecting layer on a standard half-cell supported by a typical Ni-YSZ cermet, a YSZ electrolyte, and a gadolinium-doped ceria (GDC) barrier layer. The electrochemical characterizations showed promising initial performance at 700 • C in SOEC mode (− 1 A cm − 2 at 1.4 V with H 2 O/H 2 = 90 vol%/10 vol%). In addition, a reasonable degradation rate of ~5.8% kh − 1 was obtained at 700 • C within 1000 h of SOEC operation. The structural and elemental evolutions were analyzed with micrometer size resolution all along the functional layer thickness using synchrotron μ-X-ray diffraction and fluorescence. The electrode degradation was primarily attributed to the phase transitions of PrO 1.833. In particular, the structural analyses of the sample aged under applied current revealed a small quantity of PrO 1.5≤x≤1.7 phase at the GDC/AFL (active functional layer) interface which is expected to be less conductive than PrO 1.833 , along with PrO 1.714 and GDC phases. Finally, additional structural characterizations were performed on samples annealed at different temperatures and dwell times: 700 • C for 1000 h and 800 • C for 700 h, respectively. The results are discussed to provide a better understanding of the stability of the praseodymium oxide.

Domaines

Chimie
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Dates et versions

hal-04173644 , version 1 (31-07-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Lydia Yefsah, Jérôme Laurencin, Maxime Hubert, Dario Ferreira Sanchez, Frédéric Charlot, et al.. Electrochemical performance and stability of PrO1.833 as an oxygen electrode for solid oxide electrolysis cells. Solid State Ionics, 2023, 399, pp.116316. ⟨10.1016/j.ssi.2023.116316⟩. ⟨hal-04173644⟩
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