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Article Dans Une Revue Psychological Science Année : 2021

Correlates of Hallucinatory Experiences in the General Population: An International Multisite Replication Study

Peter Moseley
André Aleman
  • Fonction : Auteur
Paul Allen
  • Fonction : Auteur
Vaughan Bell
Josef Bless
  • Fonction : Auteur
Catherine Bortolon
Matteo Cella
  • Fonction : Auteur
Jane Garrison
  • Fonction : Auteur
Kenneth Hugdahl
  • Fonction : Auteur
Eva Kozáková
  • Fonction : Auteur
Frank Larøi
  • Fonction : Auteur
Jamie Moffatt
  • Fonction : Auteur
Nicolas Say
David Smailes
  • Fonction : Auteur
Mimi Suzuki
  • Fonction : Auteur
Wei Lin Toh
  • Fonction : Auteur
Todd Woodward
  • Fonction : Auteur
Yuliya Zaytseva
  • Fonction : Auteur
Susan Rossell
  • Fonction : Auteur
Charles Fernyhough
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Hallucinatory experiences can occur in both clinical and nonclinical groups. However, in previous studies of the general population, investigations of the cognitive mechanisms underlying hallucinatory experiences have yielded inconsistent results. We ran a large-scale preregistered multisite study, in which general-population participants ( N = 1,394 across 11 data-collection sites and online) completed assessments of hallucinatory experiences, a measure of adverse childhood experiences, and four tasks: source memory, dichotic listening, backward digit span, and auditory signal detection. We found that hallucinatory experiences were associated with a higher false-alarm rate on the signal detection task and a greater number of reported adverse childhood experiences but not with any of the other cognitive measures employed. These findings are an important step in improving reproducibility in hallucinations research and suggest that the replicability of some findings regarding cognition in clinical samples needs to be investigated.

Domaines

Psychologie

Dates et versions

hal-03361436 , version 1 (01-10-2021)

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Citer

Peter Moseley, André Aleman, Paul Allen, Vaughan Bell, Josef Bless, et al.. Correlates of Hallucinatory Experiences in the General Population: An International Multisite Replication Study. Psychological Science, 2021, 32 (7), pp.1024-1037. ⟨10.1177/0956797620985832⟩. ⟨hal-03361436⟩

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