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Carbon-Supported PtNi Nanocrystals for Alkaline Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions: Electrochemical Activity and Durability upon Accelerated Stress Tests

Abstract : PtNi is amongst the most active electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction, but its stability in operation is uncertain. Intuitively, alkaline environments lead to milder degradations than acidic ones, although carbon-supported Pt-group metal nanoparticles are particularly degraded even in dilute alkaline electrolytes. To date, PtNi catalysts durability has not been characterized for alkaline oxygen reduction and evolution reactions (ORR and OER). Herein, carbon-supported shape controlled PtNi catalysts were compared in terms of activity and durability during alkaline ORR and OER. The PtNi catalysts are shape-controlled Pt-rich alloy, Ni-rich alloy, and Pt core/Ni shell (Pt@Ni) synthesized on Vulcan XC72R carbon. Their morphology and composition were evaluated by identical-location transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction pre and post accelerated stress test. Compared to Pt/C and Ni/C benchmark catalysts, the core-shell and Ni-rich alloy catalysts gave high and stable OER activities. After accelerated stress test, the catalysts show two features which are believed to play a major role in the durability: a Ni-enrichment at the nanoparticles' surface and an improved attachment of the catalyst to the carbon support.
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https://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-02955536
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Soumis le : vendredi 2 octobre 2020 - 08:36:06
Dernière modification le : lundi 12 octobre 2020 - 14:00:03

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Victor Shokhen, Melina Zysler, Meital Shviro, David Zitoun, Marian Chatenet. Carbon-Supported PtNi Nanocrystals for Alkaline Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions: Electrochemical Activity and Durability upon Accelerated Stress Tests. ACS Applied Energy Materials, ACS, 2020, 3 (9), pp.8858-8870. ⟨10.1021/acsaem.0c01356⟩. ⟨hal-02955536⟩

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