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Article Dans Une Revue Biochemistry Année : 2019

Complex Formation between Mur Enzymes from Streptococcus pneumoniae


Peptidoglycan is one of the major components of the bacterial cell wall, being responsible for shape and stability. Due to its essential nature, its biosynthetic pathway is the target for major antibiotics, and proteins involved in its biosynthesis continue to be targeted for inhibitor studies. The biosynthesis of its major building block, Lipid II, is initiated in the bacterial cytoplasm with the sequential reactions catalyzed by Mur enzymes, which have been suggested to form a multiprotein complex to facilitate shuttling of the building blocks toward the inner membrane. In this work, we purified MurC, MurD, MurE, MurF, and MurG from the human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae and characterized their interactions using chemical cross-linking, mass spectrometry, analytical ultracentrifugation, and microscale thermophoresis. Mur ligases interact strongly as binary complexes, with interaction regions mapping mostly to loop regions. Interestingly, MurC, MurD, and MurE display 10-fold higher affinity for each other than for MurF and MurG, suggesting that Mur ligases that catalyze the initial reactions in the peptidoglycan biosynthesis pathway could form a subcomplex that could be important to facilitate Lipid II biosynthesis. The interface between Mur proteins could represent a yet unexplored target for new inhibitor studies that could lead to the development of novel antimicrobials.
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Dates et versions

hal-02268985 , version 1 (22-08-2019)



Mayara Miyachiro, Daniela Granato, Daniel Maragno Trindade, Christine Ebel, Adriana Franco Paes Leme, et al.. Complex Formation between Mur Enzymes from Streptococcus pneumoniae. Biochemistry, 2019, 58 (30), pp.3314-3324. ⟨10.1021/acs.biochem.9b00277⟩. ⟨hal-02268985⟩
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