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Article Dans Une Revue International Journal of Experimental Pathology Année : 2014

The effects of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on rat liver in relation to selenium status

Résumé

This study was performed to determine the hepatotoxicity of di(2‐ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) in relation to selenium status. In 3‐week‐old Sprague‐Dawley rats, selenium deficiency was induced by a ≤0.05 selenium mg/kg. A selenium supplementation group was given 1 mg selenium/kg diet for 5 weeks. Di(2‐ethylhexyl)phthalate‐treated groups received 1000 mg/kg dose by gavage during the last 10 days of the experiment. Histopathology, peroxisome proliferation, catalase (CAT) immunoreactivity and activity and apoptosis were assessed. Activities of antioxidant selenoenzymes [glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1), glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4), thioredoxin reductase (TrxR1)], superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione S‐transferase (GST); aminotransferase, total glutathione (tGSH), and lipid peroxidation (LP) levels were measured. Di(2‐ethylhexyl)phthalate caused cellular disorganization while necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were observed in Se‐deficient DEHP group (DEHP/SeD). Catalase activity and immunoreactivity were increased in all DEHP‐treated groups. Glutathione peroxidase 1 and GPx4 activities decreased significantly in DEHP and DEHP/SeD groups, while GST activities decreased in all DEHP‐exposed groups. Thioredoxin reductase activity increased in DEHP and DEHP/SeS, while total SOD activities increased in all DEHP‐treated groups. Lipid peroxidation levels increased significantly in SeD (26%), DEHP (38%) and DEHP/SeD (71%) groups. Selenium supplementation partially ameliorated DEHP‐induced hepatotoxicity; while in DEHP/SeD group, drastic changes in hepatic histopathology and oxidative stress parameters were observed.

Dates et versions

hal-01932829 , version 1 (23-11-2018)

Identifiants

Citer

Pinar Erkekoglu, Naciye Zeybek, Belma Giray, Walid Rachidi, Murat Kizilgün, et al.. The effects of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on rat liver in relation to selenium status. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 2014, 95 (1), pp.64 - 77. ⟨10.1111/iep.12059⟩. ⟨hal-01932829⟩
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