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Visual field plasticity in hearing users of sign language

Abstract : Studies have observed that deaf signers have a larger Visual Field (VF) than hearing non-signers with a particular large extension in the lower part of the VF. This increment could stem from early deafness or from the extensive use of sign language, since the lower VF is critical to perceive and understand linguistics gestures in sign language communication. The aim of the present study was to explore the potential impact of sign language experience without deafness on the VF sensitivity within its lower part. Using standard Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer, we compared luminance sensitivity in the fovea and between 3 and 27 degrees of visual eccentricity for the upper and lower VF, between hearing users of French Sign Language and age-matched hearing non-signers. The sensitivity in the fovea and in the upper VF were similar in both groups. Hearing signers had, however, higher luminance sensitivity than non-signers in the lower VF but only between 3 and 15°, the visual location for sign language perception. Sign language experience, no associated with deafness, may then be a modulating factor of VF sensitivity but restricted to the very specific location where signs are perceived.
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https://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01928007
Contributeur : Richard Palluel-Germain <>
Soumis le : jeudi 7 mai 2020 - 15:34:22
Dernière modification le : mardi 28 juillet 2020 - 03:03:39

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Chloé Stoll, Richard Palluel-Germain, François-Xavier Gueriot, Christophe Chiquet, Olivier Pascalis, et al.. Visual field plasticity in hearing users of sign language. Vision Research, Elsevier, 2018, 153, pp.105 - 110. ⟨10.1016/j.visres.2018.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-01928007⟩

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