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Progress in the thermodynamic modelling of the O–U binary system

Abstract : The fuel of civil nuclear plants, UO2, melts at 3120 K. During an hypothetical severe accident, urania, submitted to high temperatures and various oxygen potentials, presents a wide non-stoichiometry range: the melting temperature of UO2+/-x related to oxygen potential, decreases in all cases. In this scenario, urania could react with other materials, firstly zircaloy, and the melting temperature of (U, Zr)O2+/-x, still decreases. That is why the critical assessment of the O-U binary system including the non-stoichiometry range of urania, is a major step to a correct thermodynamic modelling of multicomponent systems for nuclear safety. The very numerous experimental information has been compiled and analysed. The associate model was used for the liquid phase, and a sublattice model for UO2+/-x; U4O9-x, U3O8 and UO3 were treated as stoichiometric. Phase diagram and thermodynamic properties have been calculated from the optimised Gibbs energy parameters. The calculated consistency with the experimental ones is quite satisfactory. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
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https://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01895371
Contributeur : Pierre-Yves Chevalier <>
Soumis le : lundi 15 octobre 2018 - 10:43:45
Dernière modification le : vendredi 19 octobre 2018 - 10:17:26

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Pierre-Yves Chevalier, Evelyne Fischer, Bertrand Cheynet. Progress in the thermodynamic modelling of the O–U binary system. Journal of Nuclear Materials, Elsevier, 2002, 303 (1), pp.1 - 28. ⟨10.1016/S0022-3115(02)00813-9⟩. ⟨hal-01895371⟩

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