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Theses

Les loisirs motorisés hors route. Conflits controverse et réseaux d'actants

Abstract : The recent expansion of off road motorized recreation raises controversy and strong reactions from the worlds of sports and environmental protection. The phenomenon is still poorly studied, because it is recent, because the argumentation falls across disciplines and because motorized recreation is rejected by other recreationists. Moreover, motorized recreation is obviously not recognized as a domain of a particular discipline in France, whereas it is truly integrated to outdoor recreation in North America. To fill a gap in the French literature, this thesis aims to provide a detailed understanding of the dynamics of the controversy - as an exchange of generic arguments - and conflicts around motorized recreation. The thesis has two main peculiarities: its theme and its approach combining the actor-network theory, visualization tools and network analysis based on graph theory. The aim of this theoretical and methodological building was to examine the interrelationships between the controversy – carried by groups who are present on the national scene – and conflicts and interactions in the field. To do this, we investigated four scenes: the national scene (composed of pro-motorized and anti- motorized collectives, Federations, manufacturers, managers, policy makers and elected officials), two local scenes where conflict management approaches are in progress (NRP Pilat and Chambarans), a local scene where no conflict is visible in the public arena (the township of La Grave - Villar d'Arene). Our results show that although the controversy is rooted in conflicts on the field, there would be no copresence between opposing stakeholders. First, in the absence of conflict, the scene of La Grave is disconnected from the network. Second, critics of motorized recreation rally in controversy but do not try to act directly on the field. By contrast, the defenders of those activities imply them at both levels. Finally, managers and actors in charge of environmental police who face the management of the activities, build relationships in the field and at a national level, with both defenders and detractors of motorized recreation, sometimes becoming gateways actors. From a theoretical and methodological point of view, tools for visualization and network analysis have shown their interest in the context of the actor-network theory: perspectives appear to be rich. Key words : Sociology, off road motorized recreation, Actor-Network Theory, viualization and network analysis, controversy, conflicts, management.
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Lisa Haye. Les loisirs motorisés hors route. Conflits controverse et réseaux d'actants. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Grenoble; 131 Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENS029⟩. ⟨tel-00863996⟩

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