Oxydation et prise d’hydrogène d’alliages de titane en milieu primaire de réacteur à eau pressurisée : mécanismes, cinétiques et effet sur le comportement mécanique

Abstract : Titanium alloys have a low neutron activation, good mechanical properties and good corrosion resistance in common environment. They could be good candidates for nuclear Pressurised Water Reactor (PWR) primary circuit structure components. This study deal with their durability in primary water.Samples of three titanium alloys alpha (Ti CP), alpha + beta (Ti 64) and metastable beta (Ti10­2­3) were exposed to primary water at 300 °C and 350 °C for maximum durations of 11000 h and 1750 h, respectively. Based on SEM observations as well as XPS, GD-OES, MET-ASTAR and photoelectrochemistry analysis, a corrosion mechanism was proposed. It involves the inward growth of a dense TiO2 layer and its simultaneous dissolution into primary water as well as TiO2 and FeTiO3 oxide crystallites precipitation. Image analysis and mass uptake modelling indicated a maximum resulting metal matrix corrosion rate of 2.9 µm.year-­1 at 300 °C and of 18 µm.year-­1 at 350 °C. An abrupt decrease of the corrosion rate was noticed as FeTiO3 oxide crystallites surface covering fraction reached 100 %. Materials exposure to primary water also led to a hydrogen uptake which increased with both temperature and beta phase ratio. Room temperature tensile tests were performed on primary water exposed specimens, hydrogen charged specimens and heat treated specimens. These tests highlighted a loss of ductility of Ti10­2­3 samples linked to their exposure to primary water. It could be due to the combined effects of both thermal ageing and hydride presence at alpha/beta interfaces. Primary water exposure performed in laboratory had little effect on T40 and TA6V mechanical properties because hydrogen uptake is low in comparison with hydrogen concentration leading to ductile/brittle transition.Long duration use of titanium alloys in primary water seems reasonable, provided that beta phase is stable and that the surface/volume ratio of the considered component is low enough.
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Quentin Bignon. Oxydation et prise d’hydrogène d’alliages de titane en milieu primaire de réacteur à eau pressurisée : mécanismes, cinétiques et effet sur le comportement mécanique. Matériaux. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAI079⟩. ⟨tel-02014071⟩

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