The emergence of an alpine expertise founded on the percolation of the environmental referential

Abstract : This article is an extract from research financed by the French Ministry of transport which observed the meaning of conflicts concerning the major transport infrastructure projects (especially motorways) in the Southern Alps. We analysed them as being a gradual constitution of an environmental expertise network. Rather than fighting the administration and/or the transport operator in the field of transport, where its monopoly exists in terms of expertise, some opponents try to relocate the expertise into the field of the environment so as to catch the experts in the different administrations off balance. This Alpine environmental expertise, which we will analyse, is based on the constitution of trans Alpine associative networks and the emergence of a constantly more supportive and structuring notion: sustainable development. In this article, we will analyse the manner in which this notion percolates, that is to say how it gradually builds up its definition in the course of action. The Alpine Agreement plays a major role in this operationalisation: it constitutes the plurivalent referential for a variable Alpine policy. It promotes running evolutions within the major transalpine associative networks (ITE and CIPRA): strengthening of the ecological justification and emergence of an Alpine environmental expertise. The Alpine Agreement even influences the major public developers through the effect of the Brossier report which recommends an environment based on reframing the French land transport policy in the Alps. So, the emergence of an alpine environmental expertise could install alternative Alpine policies which would stand against the sectorial policies in the Alps, especially those concerning transport and tourism.
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Jacques Lolive, Anne Tricot. The emergence of an alpine expertise founded on the percolation of the environmental referential. Innovation / Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2004, 17 (3), pp.243-259. ⟨hal-00978125⟩

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