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Article Dans Une Revue Brain Stimulation Année : 2022

Brain mapping of auditory hallucinations and illusions induced by direct intracortical electrical stimulation

Résumé

Background: The exact architecture of the human auditory cortex remains a subject of debate, with discrepancies between functional and microstructural studies. In a hierarchical framework for sensory perception, simple sound perception is expected to take place in the primary auditory cortex, while the processing of complex, or more integrated perceptions is proposed to rely on associative and higherorder cortices. Objectives: We hypothesize that auditory symptoms induced by direct electrical stimulation (DES) offer a window into the architecture of the brain networks involved in auditory hallucinations and illusions. The intracranial recordings of these evoked perceptions of varying levels of integration provide the evidence to discuss the theoretical model. Methods: We analyzed SEEG recordings from 50 epileptic patients presenting auditory symptoms induced by DES. First, using the Juelich cytoarchitectonic parcellation, we quantified which regions induced auditory symptoms when stimulated (ROI approach). Then, for each evoked auditory symptom type (illusion or hallucination), we mapped the cortical networks showing concurrent high-frequency activity modulation (HFA approach). Results: Although on average, illusions were found more laterally and hallucinations more posteromedially in the temporal lobe, both perceptions were elicited in all levels of the sensory hierarchy, with mixed responses found in the overlap. The spatial range was larger for illusions, both in the ROI and HFA approaches. The limbic system was specific to the hallucinations network, and the inferior parietal lobule was specific to the illusions network. Discussion: Our results confirm a network-based organization underlying conscious sound perception, for both simple and complex components. While symptom localization is interesting from an epilepsy semiology perspective, the hallucination-specific modulation of the limbic system is particularly relevant to tinnitus and schizophrenia.
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Dates et versions

hal-03919870 , version 1 (03-01-2023)

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Chloé Jaroszynski, Ricardo Amorim-Leite, Pierre Deman, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Florian Chabert, et al.. Brain mapping of auditory hallucinations and illusions induced by direct intracortical electrical stimulation. Brain Stimulation, 2022, 15, pp.1077 - 1087. ⟨10.1016/j.brs.2022.08.002⟩. ⟨hal-03919870⟩
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