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Compensation of differential dispersion: application to multiband stellar interferometry

Abstract : With the aim of pushing the limiting magnitude of interferometric instruments, the need for wide-band detection channels and for a coordinated operation of different instruments has considerably grown in the field of long-baseline interferometry. For this reason, the Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy (CHARA), an array of six telescopes, requires a new configuration of longitudinal dispersion compensators to keep the fringe contrast above 95 per cent simultaneously in all spectral bands, while preserving the transmission above 85 per cent. In this paper, we propose a new method for defining the longitudinal dispersion compensators (LDC) suited for multiband observations. A literal approximation of the contrast loss resulting from the dispersion residues enables us to define a general criterion for fringe contrast maximization on several bands simultaneously. The optimization of this criterion leads to a simple solution with only two LDC stages per arm and existing differential delay lines, to the glass choice and a simple linear formula for thickness control of all these media. A refined criterion can also take into account glass transmission. After presenting this criterion, we give the optimal solution (medium, configuration) and its expected performance for the planned observing modes on CHARA.
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Soumis le : mardi 9 août 2022 - 10:01:15
Dernière modification le : mardi 9 août 2022 - 10:01:16


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Cyril Pannetier, Denis Mourard, Frédéric Cassaing, Stéphane Lagarde, Jean-Baptiste Le bouquin, et al.. Compensation of differential dispersion: application to multiband stellar interferometry. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2021, 507 (1), pp.1369-1380. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab1922⟩. ⟨hal-03375568⟩



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