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Article Dans Une Revue Chemical Science Année : 2021

An Unexpected P-Cluster like Intermediate En Route to the Nitrogenase FeMo-co

Leon Jenner
  • Fonction : Auteur
Patricia Amara
Luis Rubio
  • Fonction : Auteur
Yvain Nicolet

Résumé

The nitrogenase MoFe protein contains two different FeS centers, the P-cluster and the iron-molybdenum cofactor (FeMo-co). The former is a [Fe8S7] center responsible for conveying electrons to the latter, a [MoFe7S9C-(R)-homocitrate] species, where N2 reduction takes place. NifB is arguably the key enzyme in FeMo-co assembly as it catalyzes the fusion of two [Fe4S4] clusters and the insertion of carbide and sulfide ions to build NifB-co, a [Fe8S9C] precursor to FeMo-co. Recently, two crystal structures of NifB proteins were reported, one containing two out of three [Fe4S4] clusters coordinated by the protein which is likely to correspond to an early stage of the reaction mechanism. The other one was fully complemented with the three [Fe4S4] clusters (RS, K1 and K2), but was obtained at lower resolution and a satisfactory model was not obtained. Here we report improved processing of this crystallographic data. At odds with what was previously reported, this structure contains a unique [Fe8S8] cluster, likely to be a NifB-co precursor resulting from the fusion of K1- and K2-clusters. Strikingly, this new [Fe8S8] cluster has both a structure and coordination sphere geometry reminiscent of the fully reduced P-cluster (PN-state) with an additional μ2-bridging sulfide ion pointing toward the RS cluster. Comparison of available NifB structures further unveils the plasticity of this protein and suggests how ligand reorganization would accommodate cluster loading and fusion in the time-course of NifB-co synthesis.

Dates et versions

hal-03161940 , version 1 (08-03-2021)

Identifiants

Citer

Leon Jenner, Mickaël Cherrier, Patricia Amara, Luis Rubio, Yvain Nicolet. An Unexpected P-Cluster like Intermediate En Route to the Nitrogenase FeMo-co. Chemical Science, 2021, ⟨10.1039/D1SC00289A⟩. ⟨hal-03161940⟩
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