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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of neuropsychology Année : 2021

Emotional face recognition in autism and in cerebral visual impairments: In search for specificity

Résumé

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by difficulties in the social domain, but also by hyper-and hypo-reactivity. Atypical visual behaviours and processing have often been observed. Nevertheless, several similar signs are also identified in other clinical conditions including cerebral visual impairments (CVI). In the present study, we investigated emotional face categorization in groups of children with ASD and CVI by comparing each group to typically developing individuals (TD) in two tasks. Stimuli were either non-filtered or filtered by low-and high-spatial frequencies (LSF and HSF). All participants completed the autism spectrum quotient score (AQ) and a complete neurovisual evaluation. The results show that while both clinical groups presented difficulties in the emotional face recognition tasks and atypical processing of filtered stimuli, they did not differ from one another. Additionally, autistic traits were observed in the CVI group and symmetrically, some visual disturbances were present in the ASD group as measured via the AQ score and a neurovisual evaluation, respectively. The present study suggests the relevance of comparing ASD to CVI by showing that emotional face categorization difficulties should not be solely considered as autism-specific but merit investigation for potential dysfunction of the visual processing neural network. These results are of interest in both clinical and research perspectives, indicating that systematic visual examination is warranted for individuals with ASD. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by (1) impairments in the social and communication domain and by (2) stereotyped and repetitive behaviours as well as by sensory hypo-and hyper-responsiveness (APA, 2013).
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Dates et versions

hal-02975393 , version 1 (21-11-2020)

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Klara Kovarski, Florent Caetta, Martial Mermillod, Carole Peyrin, Céline Perez, et al.. Emotional face recognition in autism and in cerebral visual impairments: In search for specificity. Journal of neuropsychology, 2021, ⟨10.1111/jnp.12221⟩. ⟨hal-02975393⟩
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