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Validation of the Self-Discrepancies Scale (S-DS). A tool to investigate the self in clinical and research settings

Abstract : Introduction Self-discrepancies (the distances between the perceived self and the ideal or the socially prescribed selves) are a hallmark in psychological distress. However, a clinical tool evaluating these discrepancies is lacking. Objective To investigate the validity, the psychometric characteristics and the clinical relevance of the Self-Discrepancy Scale, an instrument designed to assess with multiple indices discrepancies between mental representations of the self: the actual self, on the one hand and ideal or socially-prescribed selves, on the other hand. Method The Self-Discrepancy Scale has been administered to a large community sample, together with measures of depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and self-efficacy. It was also proposed to an additional clinical sample composed of clients with a diagnosis of mood or anxiety disorders seeking psychotherapeutic help. Results A factor analysis evidenced three underlying dimensions to self-discrepancies: the size of the discrepancies, the resulting distress and the presence to unwanted traits. Test-retest consistency is in the acceptable range. Different profiles of self-discrepancies distinguished clinical groups suffering from different disorders. Conclusions The data suggest that the Self-Discrepancy Scale is a valid measure of self-discrepancies and a valuable predictor of emotional vulnerability, especially with regards to abstract global judgments of discrepancies and of discrepancy induced distress. It is concluded that the Self-Discrepancy Scale offers a valuable help in clinical settings.
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https://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01946530
Contributeur : Christine Cannard <>
Soumis le : jeudi 6 décembre 2018 - 10:35:29
Dernière modification le : jeudi 27 août 2020 - 03:26:10

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  • HAL Id : hal-01946530, version 1

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Pierre Philippot, Vincent Dethier, Céline Baeyens, Martine Bouvard. Validation of the Self-Discrepancies Scale (S-DS). A tool to investigate the self in clinical and research settings. European Review of Applied Psychology / Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, Elsevier, 2018, 68 (2), pp.69-77. ⟨hal-01946530⟩

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