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Optimising HPV vaccination communication to adolescents: a discrete choice experiment

Abstract : Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage in France is below 30%, despite proven effectiveness against HPV infections and (pre-)cancerous cervical lesions. To optimise vaccine promotion among adolescents, we used a discrete choice experiment (DCE) to identify optimal statements regarding a vaccination programme, including vaccine characteristics. Methods: Girls and boys enrolled in the last two years of five middle schools in three French regions (aged 13-15 years) participated in an in-class cross-sectional self-administered internet-based study. In ten hypothetical scenarios, participants decided for or against signing up for a school-based vaccination campaign against an unnamed disease. Scenarios included different levels of four attributes: the type of vaccine-preventable disease, communication on vaccine safety, potential for indirect protection, and information on vaccine uptake among peers. One scenario was repeated with an added mention of sexual transmission. Results: The 1,458 participating adolescents (estimated response rate: 89.4%) theoretically accepted vaccination in 80.1% of scenarios. All attributes significantly impacted theoretical vaccine acceptance. Compared to a febrile respiratory disease, protection against cancer was motivating (odds ratio (OR) 1.29 [95%-CI 1.09-1.52]), but not against genital warts (OR 0.91 [0.78-1.06]). Compared to risk negation ("vaccine does not provoke serious side effects"), a reference to a positive benefit-risk balance despite a confirmed side effect was strongly dissuasive (OR 0.30 [0.24-0.36]), while reference to ongoing international pharmacovigilance without any scientifically confirmed effect was not significantly dissuasive (OR 0.86 [0.71-1.04]). The potential for indirect protection motivated acceptance among girls but not boys (potential for eliminating the disease compared to no indirect protection, OR 1.57 [1.25-1.96]). Compared to mentioning "insufficient coverage", reporting that ">80% of young people in other countries got vaccinated" motivated vaccine acceptance (OR 1.94 [1.61-2.35]). The notion of sexual transmission did not influence acceptance. Conclusion: HPV vaccine communication to adolescents can be tailored to optimise the impact of promotion efforts.
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Contributor : Sandra Chyderiotis Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 10:50:48 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 5:28:02 PM
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Sandra Chyderiotis, Jonathan Sicsic, Jocelyn Raude, Isabelle Bonmarin, Florian Jeanleboeuf, et al.. Optimising HPV vaccination communication to adolescents: a discrete choice experiment. Vaccine, Elsevier, 2021, ⟨10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.05.061⟩. ⟨hal-03079288⟩



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