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ExlA pore-forming toxin: localization at the bacterial membrane, regulation of secretion by cyclic-Di-GMP, and detection in vivo

Vincent Deruelle 1 Alice Berry 1 Stéphanie Bouillot 1 Viviana Job 1 Antoine Maillard 1 Sylvie Elsen 1 Philippe Huber 1
1 PBRC - Pathogenèse bactérienne et réponses cellulaires
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : ERL 526, BCI - Biologie du Cancer et de l'Infection
Abstract : ExlA is a highly virulent pore-forming toxin that has been recently discovered in outlier strains from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ExlA is part of a two-partner secretion system, in which ExlA is the secreted passenger protein and ExlB the transporter embedded in the bacterial outer membrane. In previous work, we observed that ExlA toxicity in a host cell was contact-dependent. Here, we show that ExlA accumulates at specific points of the outer membrane, is likely entrapped within ExlB pore, and is pointing outside. We further demonstrate that ExlA is maintained at the membrane in conditions where the intracellular content of second messenger cyclic-di-GMP is high; lowering c-di-GMP levels enhances ExlB-dependent ExlA secretion. In addition, we set up an ELISA to detect ExlA, and we show that ExlA is poorly secreted in liquid culture, while it is highly detectable in broncho-alveolar lavage fluids of mice infected with an exlA+ strain. We conclude that ExlA translocation is halted at mid-length in the outer membrane and its secretion is regulated by c-di-GMP. In addition, we developed an immunological test able to quantify ExlA in biological samples.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 5, 2021 - 4:33:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:43:37 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 6, 2022 - 8:00:02 PM


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Vincent Deruelle, Alice Berry, Stéphanie Bouillot, Viviana Job, Antoine Maillard, et al.. ExlA pore-forming toxin: localization at the bacterial membrane, regulation of secretion by cyclic-Di-GMP, and detection in vivo. Toxins, MDPI, 2021, 13 (9), pp.645. ⟨10.3390/toxins13090645⟩. ⟨hal-03356365⟩



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