Chronic administration of minoxidil protects elastic fibers and stimulates their neosynthesis with improvement of the aorta mechanics in mice

Abstract : Arterial wall elastic fibers, made of 90% elastin, are arranged into elastic lamellae which are responsible for the resilience and elastic properties of the large arteries (aorta and its proximal branches). Elastin is synthesized only in early life and adolescence mainly by the vascular smooth muscles cells (VSMC) through the cross-linking of its soluble precursor, tropoelastin. In normal aging, the elastic fibers become fragmented and the mechanical load is transferred to collagen fibers, which are 100-1000 times stiffer than elastic fibers. Minoxidil, an ATP-dependent K+ channel opener, has been shown to stimulate elastin expression in vitro, and in vivo in the aorta of male aged mice and young adult hypertensive rats. Here, we have studied the effect of a 3-month chronic oral treatment with minoxidil (120 mg/L in drinking water) on the abdominal aorta structure and function in adult (6-month-old) and aged (24-month-old) male and female mice. Our results show that minoxidil treatment preserves elastic lamellae integrity at both ages, which is accompanied by the formation of newly synthesized elastic fibers in aged mice. This leads to a generally decreased pulse pressure and a significant improvement of the arterial biomechanical properties in female mice, which present an increased distensibility and a decreased rigidity of the aorta. Our studies show that minoxidil treatment reversed some of the major adverse effects of arterial aging in mice and could be an interesting anti-arterial aging agent, also potentially usable for female-targeted therapies.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-02271542
Contributor : Frank Thomas <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 27, 2019 - 8:58:59 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 29, 2019 - 1:20:02 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Wassim Fhayli, Marjorie Boyer, Zeinab Ghandour, Marie-Paule Jacob, Jean-Pierre Andrieu, et al.. Chronic administration of minoxidil protects elastic fibers and stimulates their neosynthesis with improvement of the aorta mechanics in mice. Cellular Signalling, Elsevier, 2019, 62, pp.109333. ⟨10.1016/j.cellsig.2019.05.018⟩. ⟨hal-02271542⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

33