Les effets « pervers » de l’usage du PIB pour la décision politique et les relations internationales

Abstract : GDP is the best known and most widely used economic indicator. It is an essential indicator for the analysis of international relations, especially for classifying states in their obsession with the economic growth and development. Yet, even if the economic aggregate does not lack conceptual simplifications that are increasingly difficult to accept, the use that is made of them in international relations is dangerous. The more the environmental and societal issues become worrying, the more the current indicator systems, especially GDP, become unsuitable. They lead to international and national policies expressing an excessive economism that tends to neglect not only the depletion of soils and subsoils, the scarcity of clean air or the situation of the international and national security, but also democratic freedoms, citizen solidarity or cultural influence. It is necessary to construct sets of indicators adapted to the questions posed for the understanding of the international relations as the global power of the States, the economic potential of a country or the “well being” of the citizens.
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Contributor : Jacques Fontanel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 30, 2019 - 4:57:06 PM
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Jean-François Guilhaudis, Jacques Fontanel. Les effets « pervers » de l’usage du PIB pour la décision politique et les relations internationales. Annuaire français de relations internationales , Paris : La Documentation française, 2019, XX. ⟨hal-02197761⟩



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