Développement économique, conflits et guerres. Les leçons partisanes de la science économique

Abstract : The mainstream of economics has a double implicit postulate: peace is a normal state and economic development reinforces this situation. However, if primitive, slave or colonialist predations have been philosophically condemned, military, economic or cultural power struggles remain very present in the modern world. Extreme greed as a social form of maximum profit performance cannot be the ultimate goal of human beings in the long run. Social inequalities are growing rapidly and the assets of a dozen families exceed those accumulated by the poorest half of humanity. The twentieth century has experienced both moments of extreme barbarism and wars and unquestionable epistemological leaps. Economics is an ideology that hides the reality of political economy. It develops hypotheses that encourage the more virulent forms of inequality. Wars have followed one another, the USSR has collapsed, economic crises have accelerated, financial bubbles are putting all of humanity in a precarious situation, the intervention of the State is still strongly criticized. Dominant thought, mathematical virtuosity and postulates are at the service of an economic system that is difficult to amend without the recognition of the utility of public goods. The US leadership is clearly established in terms of information, standards control and artificial intelligence, the European Union continues to weaken and be dependent, with a "Germanic" euro and public deficits that produce threatening internal crises for the stability of the political ensemble, and BRICS in situations of great precariousness and heterogeneous interests. In addition, several revolutions are announced, concerning the violent advance of digital technology and robotics, the excessive advance of monopolies and global oligopolies, the emergence of new forces advocating a social revolution, and the environmental and climate crisis.
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Jacques Fontanel. Développement économique, conflits et guerres. Les leçons partisanes de la science économique. 2018. ⟨hal-02127938⟩

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