ニュース文の聞き取りと韻律―日本語母語話者による聴取調査―

Abstract : In this paper I intend to report on the results of a listening test which was designed to distinguish speakers who create an "easily comprehensible" intonative pattern for Tokyo standard Japanese speakers as well as specify the prosodic features of such an "easily comprehensible" reading using the lead sentence of TV news. The subjects are both Tokyo and Kyoto-Osaka Japanese native speakers. As a result of a listening test, a Hiroshima native man and a Hokkaido native woman are selected among 4 men and 3 women as the newscasters who read the news sentences most comprehensibly to both subject groups. The prosodic features of their readings by acoustic analysis indicate that: 1) the appropriate position of a pause is more important than its length and frequency for comprehensibility. When the length of pause is controlled according to syntactic structure, the reading is more comprehensible. 2) the reading becomes less comprehensible due to insufficient compressing of pitch range at the end of sentence or the succeeding phrase of a group of phrases which are related to semantic structure and/or focus. i) the discriminate point for perception of pitch is 2 semitones. ii) the discriminate point for comprehensibility is 5 semitones when subjects hear two sentences comparatively.
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-02114893
Contributor : Chieko Shirota <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 11:14:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 17, 2019 - 9:53:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02114893, version 1

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Chieko Shirota. ニュース文の聞き取りと韻律―日本語母語話者による聴取調査―. Nihongakuhô, Institute of Japanese Studies, Osaka University, 1999, pp.117-133. ⟨hal-02114893⟩

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