La sécurité économique et sociétale : pour une conceptualisation humaniste multidimensionnelle

Abstract : The economic and human security expresses a collective feeling concerning the threats that weigh on the world, the countries, regions, social groups and all the citizens. It is not measurable; it depends on philosophic and religious conceptions, but also on the violence of international, social or human conflicts. On this purpose, several questions must be evoked. What is the nature of the States conflicts in a situation of economic globalization? Is the market economy a guarantee of peace? What is the impact of the choice between butter and cannon? What is the economic, political and policy power of weapons? Is nuclear weapons threat or deterrent? What is the importance of “cyber weapons” and “cyber warfare” threats? What is the weight of the relative scarcities in the expression of interstate conflicts, particularly in the energy field? What is the effectiveness of international economic sanctions against a country? Is the research of world leadership for a State in a market economy a factor of peace? Can the contemporary economic development to engage in sustainable development without social and interstates conflicts? International security implies respect of sustainable human development, the eradication of extreme poverty and the establishment of stable institutions rejecting any discrimination. Search of growing political, social, religious, economic and sociological inequalities is at the heart of conflicts and war.
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Jacques Fontanel. La sécurité économique et sociétale : pour une conceptualisation humaniste multidimensionnelle. Paix et sécurité européenne et internationale, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2016. ⟨hal-02092004⟩

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