Les États-Unis sanctuaire du capitalisme, un siècle de leadership américain en question

Abstract : The United States obtained the leadership on the market economy and capitalism at the end of the World War I, which will give birth, with the USSR, to an antagonistic economic system. In spite of the economic crisis of 1929, the World War II is going to give in Washington the opportunity to reorganize the global economy and to be the undisputed political, economic, military and moral leader of the western developed countries in the face of the planned economy of Soviet Union. After the collapse of this one, the period 1990-2014 is going to be marked by the passage of the hyperpower of the end of the XXth century in the emergence of world economic, political and moral crisis situations favored by the financial speculation, the international debts or the debates on climate change, but also supported by the rise of a confrontational international terrorism and armed conflicts. At the time D. Trump settled in the White House, the Washington leadership is in question because several constituent lines of American power, collecting less the support of its allies and the globalized economic system led to expansion new inequalities which become important in social protest and social factors.
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Jacques Fontanel. Les États-Unis sanctuaire du capitalisme, un siècle de leadership américain en question. Paix et sécurité européenne et internationale, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2017. ⟨hal-02092002⟩

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