Shear bands in undrained plane strain compression of Norwegian quick clays

Abstract : This work presents the results of plane strain tests carried out at the Laboratoire 3SR Grenoble (France) on undisturbed samples of very sensitive Norwegian soft clay. The discussion of the results focuses on the observed failure mechanisms and zones of localized deformation. The tested clay is defined as quick clay because it liquefies completely upon remolding. Thus, careful handling was necessary, and original procedures were developed to place samples in the plane strain testing device with minimum disturbance. The results show that excess pore water pressure develops during shear loading and shear strength is lost after the peak, which is a typical phenomenon in sensitive soils. The sample is held between two glass plates to enable visual tracking of the deformations. A digital image correlation analysis reveals a complex pattern of emerging shear bands, with one or two bands dominating and providing a final failure mechanism. Two local pore water pressure transducers are attached to the sample boundary and show differences in local excess pore water pressure. It is suggested that excess pore water pressure depends on the distance from the transducers to the zones of concentrated shear strains.
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Vikas Thakur, Steinar Nordal, Gioacchino Viggiani, Pascal Charrier. Shear bands in undrained plane strain compression of Norwegian quick clays. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, NRC Research Press, 2018, 55 (1), pp.45-56. ⟨10.1139/cgj-2016-0443⟩. ⟨hal-02084897⟩



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