Reconstructing patient-specific cerebral aneurysm vasculature for in vitro investigations and treatment efficacy assessments.

Abstract : Perianeurysmal hemodynamics play a vital role in the initiation, growth and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. In vitro investigations of aneurysmal hemodynamics are helpful to visualize and measure blood flow, and aiding surgical planning approaches. Improving in vitro model creation can improve the feasibility and accuracy of hemodynamic investigations and surgical planning, improving clinical value. In this study, in vitro models were created from three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) of six patients harboring intracranial aneurysms using a multi-step process involving 3D printing, index of refraction matching and silicone casting that renders the models transparent for flow visualization. Each model was treated with the same commercially-available, patient-specific, endovascular devices (coils and/or stents). All models were scanned by synchrotron X-ray microtomography to obtain high-resolution imaging of the vessel lumen, aneurysmal sac and endovascular devices. Dimensional accuracy was compared by quantifying the differences between the microtomographic reconstructions of the fabricated phantoms and the original 3DRA obtained during patient treatment. True-scale in vitro flow phantoms were successfully created for all six patients. Optical transparency was verified by using an index of refraction matched working fluid that replicated the mechanical behavior of blood. Synchrotron imaging of vessel lumen, aneurysmal sac and endovascular devices was successfully obtained, and dimensional errors were found to be O(100 μm). The creation of dimensionally-accurate, optically-transparent flow phantoms of patient-specific intracranial aneurysms is feasible using 3D printing technology. Such models may enable in vitro investigations of aneurysmal hemodynamics to aid in treatment planning and outcome prediction to devise optimal patient-specific neurointerventional strategies.
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-02021633
Contributor : Sabine Rolland Du Roscoat <>
Submitted on : Saturday, February 16, 2019 - 2:37:58 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 1, 2019 - 9:47:17 AM

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CNRS | 3S-R | UGA

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Vk Chivukula, Mr Levitt, A Clark, Mc Barbour, K Sansom, et al.. Reconstructing patient-specific cerebral aneurysm vasculature for in vitro investigations and treatment efficacy assessments.. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, Elsevier, 2018, 61, pp.153-159. ⟨10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.103⟩. ⟨hal-02021633⟩

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