Les opérations de paix

Abstract : The Security Collective system established by the United Nations Charter in 1945 in order to stop interstate conflicts puts together prevention, peaceful settlement and coercion trough the Chapters VI and VII (coercive action). It has endowed the Security Council with a drawing right on State armed forces provided by agreements. The Cold War prevented the implementation of these provisions. Instead of this system took place the peacekeeping operations founded on consensualism, impartiality and use of force in self-defence. After the Cold War, the increase of inner State conflicts and the smaller use of the veto instigate deep changes into the peacekeeping so that it would be better to speak of peace operations. The Blue Helmets are now followed up with policemen and a lot of civilians for various operations going from classical peacekeeping operations to robust peacekeeping and peace enforcement, including peace building and sometimes preventive action. The deployment of personnel exceeds widely 100 000, in very dangerous situations without a true cease-fire. The stronger operations are not conducted by Blue Helmets but by States or international organizations, often deployed as the same time as United Nations and NGO’s missions. The proliferation of operations and actors, the complexity of the situations and mandates lead to a continual research of the accommodation of the resources and of their implementation. The objectives are as difficult to achieve as defining, in constantly changing contexts.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2019 - 1:36:45 PM
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Josiane Tercinet. Les opérations de paix. Paix et sécurité européenne et internationale, Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. ⟨hal-01978244⟩

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