Proteinase 3 Is a Phosphatidylserine-binding Protein That Affects the Production and Function of Microvesicles.

Abstract : Proteinase 3 (PR3), the autoantigen in granulomatosis with polyangiitis, is expressed at the plasma membrane of resting neutrophils, and this membrane expression increases during both activation and apoptosis. Using surface plasmon resonance and protein-lipid overlay assays, this study demonstrates that PR3 is a phosphatidylserine-binding protein and this interaction is dependent on the hydrophobic patch responsible for membrane anchorage. Molecular simulations suggest that PR3 interacts with phosphatidylserine via a small number of amino acids, which engage in long lasting interactions with the lipid heads. As phosphatidylserine is a major component of microvesicles (MVs), this study also examined the consequences of this interaction on MV production and function. PR3-expressing cells produced significantly fewer MVs during both activation and apoptosis, and this reduction was dependent on the ability of PR3 to associate with the membrane as mutating the hydrophobic patch restored MV production. Functionally, activation-evoked MVs from PR3-expressing cells induced a significantly larger respiratory burst in human neutrophils compared with control MVs. Conversely, MVs generated during apoptosis inhibited the basal respiratory burst in human neutrophils, and those generated from PR3-expressing cells hampered this inhibition. Given that membrane expression of PR3 is increased in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis, MVs generated from neutrophils expressing membrane PR3 may potentiate oxidative damage of endothelial cells and promote the systemic inflammation observed in this disease.
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Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2016, 291 (20), pp.10476-89. 〈10.1074/jbc.M115.698639〉
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01323699
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Soumis le : mardi 31 mai 2016 - 08:52:27
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:23:10

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Katherine R Martin, Chahrazade Kantari-Mimoun, Min Yin, Magali Pederzoli-Ribeil, Fanny Angelot-Delettre, et al.. Proteinase 3 Is a Phosphatidylserine-binding Protein That Affects the Production and Function of Microvesicles.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2016, 291 (20), pp.10476-89. 〈10.1074/jbc.M115.698639〉. 〈hal-01323699〉

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