Symptomatic cytomegalovirus gastrointestinal infection with positive quantitative real-time PCR findings in apparently immunocompetent patients: a case series.

Abstract : Cytomegalovirus (CMV) gastrointestinal disease rarely occurs in immunocompetent patients, and is mainly diagnosed on the basis of histopathological findings. Real-time PCR for CMV DNA quantification is considered to be a useful diagnostic tool, but its place in the diagnostic strategy is not clearly defined. The goal of the study was to describe the clinical and paraclinical features of apparently immunocompetent patients with CMV gastrointestinal disease diagnosed according to quantitative PCR results. In this retrospective study conducted in a 1500-bed tertiary-care centre, we reviewed the case records of apparently immunocompetent patients with positive findings of CMV DNA in gastrointestinal biopsies with compatible symptoms and endoscopic findings. A total of 13 patients were included between January 2007 and December 2010. The median age was 81 years, and 54% of patients had underlying immune-modulating conditions. Diarrhoea, haematochezia and dysphagia were the main reported symptoms, and ulcers were the main endoscopic findings. The mean value of CMV DNA load in gastrointestinal biopsies was 3845 copies/μg total DNA (range, 15-15 500 copies/μg total DNA). The highest values were found in two patients who were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in the subsequent course of CMV infection. Clinical features were similar to those in previous series in which diagnosis was based on histopathological analysis. Elderly people are more commonly affected, and a link with immune senescence is possible. Quantification of CMV DNA seems to be a useful tool for diagnosis when combined with clinical and endoscopic findings, but further studies are necessary to interpret quantitative values.
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Article dans une revue
Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Wiley, 2015, 21 (12), pp.1121.e1-7
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01243626
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Soumis le : mardi 15 décembre 2015 - 11:22:56
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:26:04

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  • HAL Id : hal-01243626, version 1
  • PUBMED : 26004014

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Serge Bernard, R Germi, J Lupo, M-H Laverrière, V Masse, et al.. Symptomatic cytomegalovirus gastrointestinal infection with positive quantitative real-time PCR findings in apparently immunocompetent patients: a case series.. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Wiley, 2015, 21 (12), pp.1121.e1-7. 〈hal-01243626〉

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