Learning from structure-based drug design and new antivirals targeting the ribonucleoprotein complex for the treatment of influenza.

Abstract : Influenza viruses are a threat to human health. There are presently only two methods for treating influenza: vaccines, which require yearly updates, and two classes of antivirals that suffer with the problem of resistance by current human influenza viruses; this is especially the case with amantadine and rimantadine. Consequently, there is an urgent need for the development of new antivirals with new mechanisms of action. In this review, the authors focus on viral protein domains, their associated activity and their inhibition by small molecules defined by a structure-based design with a special emphasis on the ribonucleoprotein complex and its inhibitors. Several new classes of antiviral candidates targeting viral replication through individual domains of the polymerase and the nucleoprotein (NP) have been developed through structure-based design. To date, the antivirals targeting neuraminidase are by far the most developed and potent. Antiviral candidates targeting the NP and polymerase domains are in the pipeline but their pharmacokinetics needs further studies. The recently published structures of the polymerase expand the possibilities for development of new antivirals. Combination therapies targeting conserved viral targets and new cellular proteins or exploiting drug promiscuity hold promises to fight against the emergence of resistance.
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Article dans une revue
Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, Informa Healthcare, 2015, 10 (4), pp.345-71
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01241230
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Soumis le : jeudi 10 décembre 2015 - 10:56:38
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:21:39

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  • HAL Id : hal-01241230, version 1
  • PUBMED : 25792362

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Alexandre Monod, Christopher Swale, Bogdan Tarus, Alice Tissot, Bernard Delmas, et al.. Learning from structure-based drug design and new antivirals targeting the ribonucleoprotein complex for the treatment of influenza.. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, Informa Healthcare, 2015, 10 (4), pp.345-71. 〈hal-01241230〉

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