Microbial diversity and adaptation to high hydrostatic pressure in deep-sea hydrothermal vents prokaryotes.

Abstract : Prokaryotes inhabiting in the deep sea vent ecosystem will thus experience harsh conditions of temperature, pH, salinity or high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) stress. Among the fifty-two piezophilic and piezotolerant prokaryotes isolated so far from different deep-sea environments, only fifteen (four Bacteria and eleven Archaea) that are true hyper/thermophiles and piezophiles have been isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vents; these belong mainly to the Thermococcales order. Different strategies are used by microorganisms to thrive in deep-sea hydrothermal vents in which "extreme" physico-chemical conditions prevail and where non-adapted organisms cannot live, or even survive. HHP is known to impact the structure of several cellular components and functions, such as membrane fluidity, protein activity and structure. Physically the impact of pressure resembles a lowering of temperature, since it reinforces the structure of certain molecules, such as membrane lipids, and an increase in temperature, since it will also destabilize other structures, such as proteins. However, universal molecular signatures of HHP adaptation are not yet known and are still to be deciphered.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Extremophiles, Springer Verlag, 2015, 19 (4), pp.721-40
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http://hal.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/hal-01199266
Contributeur : Frank Thomas <>
Soumis le : mardi 15 septembre 2015 - 11:06:13
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 mai 2018 - 12:50:54

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  • HAL Id : hal-01199266, version 1
  • PUBMED : 26101015

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Mohamed Jebbar, Bruno Franzetti, Eric Girard, Philippe Oger. Microbial diversity and adaptation to high hydrostatic pressure in deep-sea hydrothermal vents prokaryotes.. Extremophiles, Springer Verlag, 2015, 19 (4), pp.721-40. 〈hal-01199266〉

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