An experimental point of view on hydration/solvation in halophilic proteins.

Abstract : Protein-solvent interactions govern the behaviors of proteins isolated from extreme halophiles. In this work, we compared the solvent envelopes of two orthologous tetrameric malate dehydrogenases (MalDHs) from halophilic and non-halophilic bacteria. The crystal structure of the MalDH from the non-halophilic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus (Ca MalDH) solved, de novo, at 1.7 Å resolution exhibits numerous water molecules in its solvation shell. We observed that a large number of these water molecules are arranged in pentagonal polygons in the first hydration shell of Ca MalDH. Some of them are clustered in large networks, which cover non-polar amino acid surface. The crystal structure of MalDH from the extreme halophilic bacterium Salinibacter ruber (Sr) solved at 1.55 Å resolution shows that its surface is strongly enriched in acidic amino acids. The structural comparison of these two models is the first direct observation of the relative impact of acidic surface enrichment on the water structure organization between a halophilic protein and its non-adapted counterpart. The data show that surface acidic amino acids disrupt pentagonal water networks in the hydration shell. These crystallographic observations are discussed with respect to halophilic protein behaviors in solution.
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Article dans une revue
Frontiers in microbiology, Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013, 5 (12), pp.66
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Soumis le : vendredi 13 mars 2015 - 10:04:43
Dernière modification le : lundi 2 avril 2018 - 18:30:01

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Romain Talon, Nicolas Coquelle, Dominique Madern, Eric Girard. An experimental point of view on hydration/solvation in halophilic proteins.. Frontiers in microbiology, Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013, 5 (12), pp.66. 〈hal-01131178〉

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