Des outils cognitifs qui forment notre compréhension : une présentation de la théorie d’Egan

Abstract : We outline here a curriculum design framework elaborated by Egan that deals with the development of human understanding. Egan first shows that the three major educational goals (e.g., socializing children, give place to individual development; provide children with rational knowledge) are mutually incompatible. Then Egan suggests replacing these three goals with a new one: help children to acquire kinds of understanding. Each kind of understanding is shaped with cognitive tools (i.e., language, writing), and individual human development recapitulates a historical one. These kinds of understanding are acquired as follows. Very young children use somatic understanding, then children develop mythic understanding of the world through oral language. Next, through romantic understanding and literacy children explore the limits of reality; while philosophic understanding organize these limits in a general scheme. Finally, ironic understanding leads to doubt and to the fact that there is no theory that adequately captures the whole reality. This prescriptive theory has some advantages: it is testable and provides a guide for understanding knowledge acquisition.
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Philippe Dessus. Des outils cognitifs qui forment notre compréhension : une présentation de la théorie d’Egan. Penser l'éducation, Laboratoire CIVIIC, 2003, pp.71-93. ⟨http://shs-app.univ-rouen.fr/civiic/index.php?id=5⟩. ⟨hal-01083072⟩

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