Systèmes d'observation de classes et prise en compte de la complexité des événements scolaires

Abstract : A recent trend in French-speaking educational research consists of an increasing use of classroom observation systems designed in the 1950's, 60's, aimed at several purposes, like didactical, pedagogical, or teacher training. The use of such systems, which may be straightforward at first look, actually depends on numerous methodological questions like: What actually means ?to observe?? What are the main observation systems available? What are the main steps by which each observation system is composed? The aim of this paper is to answer these questions as well as to show that every educational researcher is concerned with these questions, which are detailed here through four main steps: spatial and time segmentation, filtering, coding and data reduction. Then, we will list some features shared by schools environments that have been recently uncovered. These features seem to be hardly taken into account by current observation systems. Finally, we describe a new data reduction procedure accounting for some of these features.
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Philippe Dessus. Systèmes d'observation de classes et prise en compte de la complexité des événements scolaires. Carrefours de l'éducation, Armand Colin, 2007, 23, pp.103-117. ⟨hal-00321422⟩

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